Plugin for Poetry to enable dynamic versioning based on VCS tags

mtkennerly, updated 🕥 2023-02-21 06:54:51

Dynamic versioning plugin for Poetry

This is a Python 3.7+ plugin for Poetry 1.2.0+ and Poetry Core 1.0.0+ to enable dynamic versioning based on tags in your version control system, powered by Dunamai. Many different version control systems are supported, including Git and Mercurial; please refer to the Dunamai page for the full list (and minimum supported version where applicable).

poetry-dynamic-versioning provides a build backend that patches Poetry Core to enable the versioning system in PEP 517 build frontends. When installed with the plugin feature (i.e., poetry-dynamic-versioning[plugin]), it also integrates with the Poetry CLI to trigger the versioning in commands like poetry build.

For Poetry 1.1.x, you can use an older version of poetry-dynamic-versioning (0.17.1 or earlier) that relied on a *.pth import hack, but this is no longer supported, so you should migrate to the standardized plugin and Poetry 1.2.0+.


If you've previously installed the deprecated poetry-dynamic-versioning-plugin package, be sure to uninstall it before proceeding.

  • Run: poetry self add "poetry-dynamic-versioning[plugin]"
  • Add this section to your pyproject.toml: toml [tool.poetry-dynamic-versioning] enable = true
  • Include the plugin in the build-system section of pyproject.toml for interoperability with PEP 517 build frontends:

toml [build-system] requires = ["poetry-core>=1.0.0", "poetry-dynamic-versioning"] build-backend = "poetry_dynamic_versioning.backend"

This is a thin wrapper around poetry.core.masonry.api.

Poetry's typical version setting is still required in [tool.poetry], but you are encouraged to use version = "0.0.0" as a standard placeholder.

With the minimal configuration above, the plugin will automatically take effect when you run commands such as poetry build. It will update the version in pyproject.toml, then revert the change when the plugin deactivates. If you want to include a __version__ variable in your code, just put a placeholder in the appropriate file and configure the plugin to update it (see below) if it isn't one of the defaults. You are encouraged to use __version__ = "0.0.0" as a standard placeholder.


In your pyproject.toml file, you may configure the following options:

  • [tool.poetry-dynamic-versioning]: General options.
  • enable (boolean, default: false): Since the plugin has to be installed globally, this setting is an opt-in per project. This setting will likely be removed once plugins are officially supported.
  • vcs (string, default: any): This is the version control system to check for a version. One of: any, git, mercurial, darcs, bazaar, subversion, fossil, pijul.
  • metadata (boolean, default: unset): If true, include the commit hash in the version, and also include a dirty flag if dirty is true. If unset, metadata will only be included if you are on a commit without a version tag. This is ignored when format or format-jinja is used.
  • tagged-metadata (boolean, default: false): If true, include any tagged metadata discovered as the first part of the metadata segment. Has no effect when metadata is set to false. This is ignored when format or format-jinja is used.
  • dirty (boolean, default: false): If true, include a dirty flag in the metadata, indicating whether there are any uncommitted changes. Has no effect when metadata is set to false. This is ignored when format or format-jinja is used.
  • pattern (string): This is a regular expression which will be used to find a tag representing a version. When this is unset, Dunamai's default pattern is used.

    There must be a capture group named base with the main part of the version. Optionally, it may contain another two groups named stage and revision for prereleases, and it may contain a group named tagged_metadata to be used with the tagged-metadata option. There may also be a group named epoch for the PEP 440 concept.

    If the base group is not included, then this will be interpreted as a named preset from the Dunamai Pattern class. This includes: default, default-unprefixed (makes the v prefix optional).

    You can check the default for your installed version of Dunamai by running this command: poetry run python -c "import dunamai; print(dunamai.Pattern.Default.regex())"

    Remember that backslashes must be escaped (\\) in the TOML file. * format (string, default: unset): This defines a custom output format for the version. Available substitutions:

    • {base}
    • {stage}
    • {revision}
    • {distance}
    • {commit}
    • {dirty}
    • {tagged_metadata}
    • {branch}
    • {branch_escaped} which omits any non-letter/number characters
    • {timestamp} of the current commit, which expands to YYYYmmddHHMMSS as UTC

    Example: v{base}+{distance}.{commit} * format-jinja (string, default: unset): This defines a custom output format for the version, using a Jinja template. When this is set, format is ignored.

    Available variables:

    • base (string)
    • stage (string or None)
    • revision (integer or None)
    • distance (integer)
    • commit (string)
    • dirty (boolean)
    • tagged_metadata (string or None)
    • version (dunumai.Version)
    • env (dictionary of environment variables)
    • branch (string or None)
    • branch_escaped (string or None)
    • timestamp (string or None)

    Available functions:

    Simple example:

    toml format-jinja = "{% if distance == 0 %}{{ base }}{% else %}{{ base }}+{{ distance }}.{{ commit }}{% endif %}"

    Complex example:

    toml format-jinja = """ {%- if distance == 0 -%} {{ serialize_pep440(base, stage, revision) }} {%- elif revision is not none -%} {{ serialize_pep440(base, stage, revision + 1, dev=distance, metadata=[commit]) }} {%- else -%} {{ serialize_pep440(bump_version(base), stage, revision, dev=distance, metadata=[commit]) }} {%- endif -%} """ * format-jinja-imports (array of tables, default: empty): This defines additional things to import and make available to the format-jinja template. Each table must contain a module key and may also contain an item key. Consider this example:

    toml format-jinja-imports = [ { module = "foo" }, { module = "bar", item = "baz" }, ]

    This is roughly equivalent to:

    python import foo from bar import baz

    foo and baz would then become available in the Jinja formatting. * style (string, default: unset): One of: pep440, semver, pvp. These are preconfigured output formats. If you set both a style and a format, then the format will be validated against the style's rules. If style is unset, the default output format will follow PEP 440, but a custom format will only be validated if style is set explicitly. * latest-tag (boolean, default: false): If true, then only check the latest tag for a version, rather than looking through all the tags until a suitable one is found to match the pattern. * bump (boolean, default: false): If true, then increment the last part of the version base by 1, unless the stage is set, in which case increment the revision by 1 or set it to a default of 2 if there was no revision. Does nothing when on a commit with a version tag.

    Example, if there have been 3 commits since the v1.3.1 tag: * PEP 440 with bump = false: 1.3.1.post3.dev0+28c1684 * PEP 440 with bump = true: 1.3.2.dev3+28c1684 * tag-dir (string, default: tags): This is the location of tags relative to the root. This is only used for Subversion. * tag-branch (string, default: unset): Branch on which to find tags, if different than the current branch. This is only used for Git currently. * full-commit (boolean, default: false): If true, get the full commit hash instead of the short form. This is only used for Git and Mercurial. * strict (boolean, default: false): If true, then fail instead of falling back to 0.0.0 when there are no tags. * [tool.poetry-dynamic-versioning.substitution]: Insert the dynamic version into additional files other than just pyproject.toml. These changes will be reverted when the plugin deactivates. * files (array of strings): Globs for any files that need substitutions. Default: ["*.py", "*/", "*/", "*/"]. To disable substitution, set this to an empty list. * patterns (array of strings): Regular expressions for the text to replace. Each regular expression must have two capture groups, which are any text to preserve before and after the replaced text. Default: ["(^__version__\s*(?::.*?)?=\s*['\"])[^'\"]*(['\"])"].

    Remember that the backslashes must be escaped (\\) in the TOML file. * folders (array of tables, default: empty): List of additional folders to check for substitutions.

    Each table supports these options:

    • path (string, required): Path to the folder.
    • files (array of strings, optional): Override substitution.files for this folder.
    • patterns (array of strings, optional): Override substitution.patterns for this folder.

    If you use an src layout, you may want to keep the default files/patterns and just specify the following:

    toml folders = [ { path = "src" } ]

    This will check the default file globs (e.g., ./*.py) as well as the same file globs inside of src (e.g., ./src/*.py).

Simple example:

toml [tool.poetry-dynamic-versioning] enable = true vcs = "git" style = "semver"

Environment variables

In addition to the project-specific configuration above, you can apply some global overrides via environment variables.

  • POETRY_DYNAMIC_VERSIONING_BYPASS: Use this to bypass the VCS mechanisms and use a static version instead. This is mainly for distro package maintainers who need to patch existing releases, without needing access to the original repository.
  • POETRY_DYNAMIC_VERSIONING_COMMANDS: You can set a comma-separated list of Poetry commands during which to activate the versioning. For example, build,publish will limit the dynamic versioning to those two commands.

Command line mode

The plugin also has a command line mode for execution on demand. This mode applies the dynamic version to all relevant files and leaves the changes in-place, allowing you to inspect the result. Your configuration will be detected from pyproject.toml as normal, but the enable option is not necessary.

To activate this mode, either use poetry dynamic-versioning (provided by the plugin feature) or poetry-dynamic-versioning (standalone script with default features).

VCS archives

Sometimes, you may only have access to an archive of a repository (e.g., a zip file) without the full history. The plugin can still detect a version in some of these cases. Refer to the Dunamai documentation for more info.


  • When using Git, remember that lightweight tags do not store their creation time. Therefore, if a commit has multiple lightweight tags, we cannot reliably determine which one should be considered the newest. The solution is to use annotated tags instead.
  • The dynamic version is not available during poetry run or poetry shell.
  • Regarding PEP 517 support:

pip wheel . and pip install . will work with new enough Pip versions that default to in-tree builds or support the --use-feature=in-tree-build option. Older versions of Pip will not work because they create an isolated copy of the source code that does not contain the version control history.

If you want to build wheels of your dependencies, you can do the following, although local path-based dependencies may not work:

poetry export -f requirements.txt -o requirements.txt --without-hashes pip wheel -r requirements.txt


Can the substituion feature do version tuples?

opened on 2023-03-15 18:50:47 by darkvertex

I'm moving some projects from setuptools builds (for which I used setuptools_scm) to poetry, and I have been using your plugin. Thank you for making it!

I was wondering if the substitution feature might able to replace/generate output like:

python __version__ = '3.31.4.dev2+g1a2c028.d20230308' __version_tuple__ = (3, 31, 4, 'dev2', 'g1a2c028.d20230308')

I saw that your regex seems to target the string as a whole, making it possible to replace the variable contents between quotes, which works for the first line, but the second would need some kind of formatting template with individual tokens.

Of course I could also write code to split and parse the version text into the tuple form, but I'm trying to avoid that if possible.

The nice thing with version tuples is they are automatically easy to use for version comparison code -- it literally "just works":


verA = (3, 31, 4, 'dev2', 'g1a2c028.d20230308') verB = (3, 34, 0, '', '') verA > verB False verA < verB True ``` if there was a way to generate them, or use a f-string to control the format on a specific line, that'd be nice.


v0.21.4 (2023-02-21) 2023-02-21 06:53:56

  • Fixed:
  • In the Poetry CLI mode and standalone script mode, path dependencies received the same dynamic version as the active project. This issue did not affect the build backend mode.
  • Changed:
  • Updated Dunamai to 1.16.0+ for the latest features and bug fixes.

v0.21.3 (2022-12-23) 2022-12-23 07:10:51

v0.21.2 (2022-12-16) 2022-12-15 20:05:00

  • Fixed:
  • Line endings were not necessarily preserved because of the default behavior of pathlib.Path.write_text. To avoid this, pathlib.Path.write_bytes is used instead now.

v0.21.1 (2022-11-08) 2022-11-07 17:05:23

  • Fixed:
  • Warning for invalid config was printed to stdout instead of stderr.

v0.21.0 (2022-11-07) 2022-11-07 01:28:54

  • Added:
  • The plugin now prints a warning if its configuration is invalid. Right now, this just checks for unknown keys.
  • A strict option to prevent falling back to 0.0.0 when there are no tags.
  • Changed:
  • Updated Dunamai to 1.14.0+ for the latest features. This adds support for VCS archival files, namely ones produced by git archive and hg archive. Refer to the Dunamai documentation for more info.

v0.20.0 (2022-10-18) 2022-10-17 21:01:18

  • Changed:
  • Updated Dunamai to 1.13.2+ for the latest features and bug fixes. In particular, this fixes an error when parsing Git output with showSignature = true configured.
Matthew Kennerly
GitHub Repository

python versioning dynamic-version semantic-versioning git mercurial darcs subversion bazaar poetry plugin fossil fossil-scm pijul